Having a steam bath in your home is a great way to enjoy some of the benefits of a spa. The steam bath helps in the overall wellness of a person, helping eliminate numerous toxins accumulated during a working day or a day with intense physical effort. Relaxing, detoxifying and purifying, home steam rooms can help to relieve stress, relax muscles and promote sleep.
The origins of the steam bath come from the Roman bath, which was supplied by natural hot springs from beneath the ground. Today, there are different types of steam baths—Turkish baths, steam rooms and steam showers that are gaining popularity all over India. One of the major suppliers of steam bath generators is in Pune. Some of the most luxurious spas and steam baths can be found in Rishikesh, Kovalam, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi.
A steam bath, also known as vapor bath, is an enclosed space that generates hot steam. There are pre-made steam rooms that can be installed in your home or special generators that can transform your shower into a steam shower.
Both options are used regularly by homeowners depending on the size and space available. If you have a large bathroom, a separate steam room might be a better option because you can enjoy a steam bath without disrupting your shower.
As you can imagine, both the sauna and the steam bath are hot and have the similar therapeutic effects. The difference lies in the way the heat is created. The hot steam in a sauna is created by throwing water on hot coals, and the heat that is created is a dry heat. Steam rooms, on the other hand, generate moist heat using a complex steaming system. Which is better—dry heat or moist heat? For people with respiratory problems, some of whom can’t tolerate hot air, steam baths are better.
There are also a few differences between saunas and steam baths when it comes to materials used, humidity, average temperature and the type of bath. In terms of materials, a sauna would use wood and natural materials, while a steam room would use glass. The humidity level for a steam room is very high, while for a sauna it is relatively average. The average temperature in a steam room is 40 degrees Celsius, while for a sauna it is 70—90 degrees Celsius.
Before you get started, it’s important to first consult an expert who works with spas and pools to help identify the best place to install your steam room. The ideal steam room has a maximum ceiling height of eight feet. If you’re opting to install a steam generator in your shower instead, it’s important to enclose your shower to keep the steam in place. As we mentioned earlier, tile and glass are great materials to use in a steam room, just avoid using wood. And if you want to achieve ultimate relaxation, we recommend installing a bench or a seating area inside the steam room to truly relax and enjoy all the benefits of the steam.
Like we mentioned, it’s important to consult a contractor before you get started. Installing steam rooms and steam generators properly will require knowledge of plumbing, electricity, and in some cases remodeling a whole bathroom. The process begins with planning the location of the steam room, since the steam delivery pipe, which will be coming from an outlet, will need to be far from bathers because of its heat.
Next, you’ll need to choose the right flooring, walls, and ceiling for inside the steam room. The flooring will need to be non-porous, like most standard showers, and have a drainage system in place. The walls will need to be sturdy and also use non-porous materials like tiles. The ceiling will need to have a gradient or slope to it so that the water and moisture can run away.
Once the steam room is constructed, you’ll need to select the lights. We recommend IP-rated low voltage or LED lights which can handle intense heat and moisture. After you install the lights, you’ll need to consider your bathroom's current ventilation system and make sure it can support the additional steam and prevent unwanted mold and rot. Next, you’ll need to find a dry and accessible area for the generator, ideally within 5m of the steam room. After you hook up the generator to your steam room, you can choose accessories like speakers, mood lighting, and even scented plugins, to achieve ultimate relaxation.
Cleaning and maintaining a steam room starts with proper ventilation. Good ventilation will keep mold and rot at bay and will allow less cleaning to take place. Even with the right ventilation system in place, a build-up of mineral deposits over time will need to be cleaned. To do so, you will need to remove the water nozzles and soak them in non-abrasive cleaning solutions. The result will be full strength steam at all times. Lastly, we recommend picking a strong wired brush that will help scrub away hard water stains and mineral deposits that develop inside steam showers over time. This will help keep your steam bath clean and functional for you and your family to enjoy for years to come.