Creating a rock garden essentially involves landscaping rocks and growing suitable plants in between the gaps. The standard layout for a rock garden consists of a pile of aesthetically arranged rocks in different sizes, with small gaps between in which plants are rooted. Typically, plants found in rock gardens are small and do not grow larger than 1 meter in height, though small trees and shrubs up to 6 meters may be used to create a shaded area for a woodland rock garden. If used, they are often grown in troughs or low to the ground to avoid obscuring the eponymous rocks. The plants found in rock gardens are usually species that flourish in well-drained, poorly irrigated soil.
The use of rocks as decorative and symbolic elements in gardens can be traced back to early Chinese and Japanese gardens. The Japanese rock garden, often referred to as a zen garden, is a special kind of rock garden with water features, moss, pruned trees and bushes, and very few plants.
Rock gardens have become increasingly popular as landscape features in tropical countries such as India. The combination of wet weather and heavy shade trees, along with the use of heavy plastic liners to stop unwanted plant growth,has made this type of arrangement ideal for both residential and commercial gardens due to its easier maintenance and drainage.
The Rock Garden of Chandigarh is a sculpture garden near Sukhna Lake, and is one of India’s most impressive rock gardens. It is also known as Nek Chand's Rock Garden after its founder Nek Chand, a government official who started the garden secretly in his spare time in 1957. It even appeared on an Indian stamp in 1983.
Today it is spread over an area of 40 acres (161874.25 m²). It is completely built of industrial and home waste and thrown-away items.It consists of man-made interlinked waterfalls and many other sculptures that have been made of scrap and other kinds of wastes (bottles, glasses, bangles, tiles, ceramic pots, sinks, electrical waste,broken pipes, etc.) which are placed in walled paths.
Euphorbia: They are extremely heat- and drought-resistant and they have shallow root systems that allow you to easily tuck them into the tight spots between rocks and boulders. Most Euphorbia grow 4-8 inches tall, and need full sun.
Rock cress: thrives in the thin ribbon of soil wedged between boulders. This pretty creeper grows 4-6 inches tall and produces masses of cheerful pink or white flowers in the spring. It can tolerate heat and drought and thrives with full or partial sun.
Sedums: tough-as-nails plants come in a wide variety of colors and shapes and will quickly take root in any sunny, rocky location. They require full sun.
Candytuft: an easy-care perennial that grows 6 inches tall and can spread 16 inches wide. Full sun is required.
Alyssum: grows 6-12 inches tall and thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. In warmer regions this plant can be short lived, so replant every year or two.
Ice plant: Resistant to heat, drought, poor soil, and salt, ice plant is about as indestructible as you can get. This mat-forming perennial grows 3-6 inches tall and can spread two feet or more wide. It requires full sun.
1. Clear the ground—lay the first course of stones and soil. A rock garden is essentially just a stone raised bed, so begin its construction by laying out a pattern of rocks as the perimeter for your base. When the stones are in place, it's time to fill it with soil. Rock gardens, as a rule, are composed of plants that require a soil with good drainage, so keep this in mind when buying soil for your rock garden.
2. Choose a design—take landscaping design inspiration from Japanese gardens and the myriad of rock garden designs available on homify.
3. Select the stone—select your stones based on size and colour.
4. Install the boulders—secure them properly so they’re not a safety hazard.
5. Choose plants—choose plants that are of the suitable size for your rock garden
6. Create the riverbed—this is also called river rock landscaping. It involves arranging the rocks in a way so as to let the water flow like a riverbed.
7. Set the plants—plan where you will place each plant before planting it.
8. Set the walkway—add in the extra details like a walkway leading to the rock garden.
If you prefer to get some professional help before starting your rock garden project, you can consult with one of homify’s many talented garden planners.
In order to have healthy flowers in a rock gorden we need fertile soil, to achieve it we will give you some recommendations:
a. Use all your organic waste
b. Avoid using chemicals
c. Use rock phosphate
Basically, you need to keep an eye on it at least once per week. Weed control needs to be a priority. Also, do not water the plants excessively Take note that if the soil is full of dead plants you will have to change the soil and replace it with something that drains well.
Firstly, you need to make sure you have partial to full shade wherever you want the moss to grow and it should also be humid. It can also be easier to take moss from some place and put it in the desired zone. You can use a mix of buttermilk or yogurt with fresh or dried moss and put it on the rocks where you want the moss to grow. Make sure you keep the weeds out always and maintain the humidity and the shade near the moss.