The integral kitchen of a house is formed by a series of work areas or counter-tops to prepare food, drawers to store utensils and accessories, shelves and cabinets or cupboards, or what can be called kitchen furniture.
The importance of kitchen units is that they keep out of sight and in order the largest kitchen utensils: pots, trays, dishes, glasses, cups, appliances and even cleaning products. It does this in a compact fashion which saves a lot of space in modern kitchens.
Once you have all the kitchen cabinets, kitchen cabinets and other kitchen units which are modulated according to the dimensions and height of the kitchen, you must present them on the walls to confirm their location, height and leveling. Next, several holes are drilled perfectly aligned and wedges are placed, which will hold the modules.Place the piece or furniture in place and check the opening of the doors, to avoid any mismatch of parts and a malfunction.
Inside, the wall is drilled again through the holes that were previously prepared in the cabinet, screwing through resistant, preferably solid wood tails. This fastening is carried out on a plank or corrugated bar located inside the cabinet. At the end, confirm again with the level and the plumb line, and do the same procedure for the next module. If interior lighting is placed, pass the electrical lines inside the cabinet and / or open to pass the wiring parts.
Being functional and practical objects, there is a great diversity of options in kitchen furniture, including:
Laminates: they are agglomerates coated with decorative sheets of different compositions and designs with resistance to wear and of different qualities. The laminates are also agglomerates whose coating is a decorative sheet made of several sheets of impregnated paper, resistant to moisture, durable, economical and easy to clean. They are smooth surfaces but without mirror finish.
Melamine: decorative papers that may or may not be stamped, its surface is pore free and very resistant to wear. The appearance of wood is quite realistic and very economical.
Textured or thermo structured : it is a composite of pressed papers that show a rough and natural texture.
Lacquered: consist of MDF coated with melamine, later lacquered, with high resistance and finish very soft to the touch, with high resistance to scratches, mirror-like finish and with modern designs and combinations.
PVC or poly laminated: these are vinyl-coated MDF pieces, easy to clean, adaptable to reliefs, but with little resistance to high temperatures and unnatural appearance.
Stainless steel: Minimalist and industrial look, this material is very manageable, resistant, easy to clean and combinable with any other material and color. It is expensive but its durability is worth it.
Wood of various types, qualities, strengths and colors : high strength, durability, flexibility for handling shapes and styles, varied colors and long life. Oak, pine and alder are the most common, resistant and economical, accessible prices and, in the case of pine, with the advantage of taking the finish and color of any other type of wood. The colors range from creamy yellow to chocolate, to red, greenish-brown, with streaks or smooth patterns.
The design of kitchen units such as cabinets, cabinets and cupboards should be uniform and harmonious not only between pieces but in communion with counter-tops, appliances, wall coverings, blinds or curtains and, if applicable , with the dining room.
In a modern style kitchen, furniture should be laminate or lacquered, smooth color or combination of two contrasting colors. For a rustic kitchen, nothing better than the dark woods or the maple. An industrial kitchen should feature stainless steel furniture combining with a light wood countertop. For a traditionally Indian kitchen: choose bright colours and ethnically inspired tiles. Lastly, for a minimalist kitchen: it must have white or black lacquered or textured modules.
Furniture should be small and compact and all corners should be made use of. The space distribution should also be functional according to the dimensions of space: U or L are often the best layouts for built-in kitchens.
To save space, combine kitchen appliances and place them vertically in a special module. This can be done for ovens, heaters and toasters. Make sure you integrate the extraction hood to the furniture design as well. Last but not least, install shelves inside furniture, cabinets and rotating organizers in the corners.
Take care that the abutments do not interrupt each other especially at the angles. If you have any further doubts, you can consult with one of Homify’s expert kitchen planners , they will show you the best option to take advantage of your space and optimize the heights, the smaller spaces and put to work every square centimeter. Do not forget that a functional kitchen is an equipped kitchen : think of the appliances that you will have to integrate, the style and the sizes, to consider them in the design of the pieces, as well as the familiar needs of your home.