What is a garden pond and how do I make a garden pond?
Firstly, decide what kind of pond you want, then choose
the location and consider the depth and size of your pond. Next you
need to dig the pond, line the pond, install the pump and other
devices, edge the pond with stones or any other decorative materials,
fill the pond, add a few fishes and then just maintain it. If you
feel you lack the skills to create your own garden pond, you can
always consult with one of our talented landscape architects from homify.
To decide what kind of pond you want, think about what
function it will serve. Select some features you’d enjoy most as
you begin constructing plans. The most common backyard ponds fall
into one of the following categories.
- A wildlife pond is perhaps the easiest type of pond to
construct. It doesn’t require a pump, so it needn’t to be close
to a source of electricity. A wildlife pond is built to look like a
natural part of the landscape. Because it isn’t stocked with fish,
it is attractive to frogs, slugs, water sliders, and other animals
that may come to it to have a drink or bathe away.
- A garden pond or backyard pond is more ornamental in
appearance. Garden ponds typically have lily pads and other aquatic
plants, and are built to complement the design of one’s garden.
A garden water feature, rock garden and fish pond or koi pond
are often features of a garden pond.
How do I choose location for a garden pond?
Most ponds do best in spots that get partial sun and
shade, since this environment allows plants to grow and keeps algae
at bay. You may want to locate the pond in a place you can see from
your home, so you can enjoy it even in cold or rainy weather.
If you’re constructing your pond in the backyard, the
first thing to do is call your gas and electric company and ask them
to come to your house and mark the locations of your gas and electric
lines, so you’ll know not to dig in those spots. If you have a
larger property, other considerations may be involved. Call the
Department of Agriculture to find out if there are places on your
property that are protected watersheds, and ask if there are any
other local regulations you should know about before you begin
Be careful not to choose a spot too close to trees, as
you may damage their root systems. Consider the size and depth of
your pond : If you live in a wet region, such as in the southern
region of India, your pond can be just a few feet wide and deep. If
you’re in a dryer regions, like the northern region of India, a
shallow pond will evaporate quickly. Conduct research to find out
what depth makes sense for your region.
Keep in mind that larger ponds are easier to to
maintain. They’re more stable, so plants and other wildlife have a
better chance of survival. Use a rope to lay out the shape of your
pond and get a sense of the size you want. Keep it in place to guide
you as you begin to dig.
What are the best plants for a pond?
Plants not only provide beauty, also help balance the
pond eco system. One most important factors to consider is the
practical weather conditions of your local region in India. Decide
whether you would like your plants to be native water plants or
exotics and choose the right plants for the depth of water. Some
examples are water lettuce, water lily, jenny, anacharis, lotus,
yellow water sunflake, and sweet flag.
What is the right fish for a garden pond?
Koi, Goldfish, catfish, carp, orfe, rudd, tench,
sunfish, mosquitofish, are the best ( koi and carp can grow upto 75
cm and are suitable for large ponds. Goldfish is not suitable for
cold weather, and rudd suits smaller ponds, while tench are pond
cleaners. All ponds are not the same and each kind of fish has its
own particular needs, so it is important to choose ones which will be
suitable. Choose the number of fishes based on the size of the pond.
What are some garden pond maintenance ideas?
As weather conditions are not constant throughout the
year, care should be taken likewise based on the different seasons.
If you feel like the pond is leaking, clean the pond bottom and
locate and patch leaks using a pond repair kit. This will prevent
ongoing water loss. Reinstall the pump and filter; replace if
necessary. Top off the water level by trickling water at the bottom
of the pond to avoid buildup of salts and minerals.
Then, skim leaves and debris to help prevent toxic
Remember that adding oxygenating aquatic bunch plants
can increase the water's oxygen level, so maintain your plants
properly. Divide potted plants to keep them growing vigorously. Also,
replant water lilies, lotus, and marsh plants.