Firstly, decide what kind of pond you want, then choose the location and consider the depth and size of your pond. Next you need to dig the pond, line the pond, install the pump and other devices, edge the pond with stones or any other decorative materials, fill the pond, add a few fishes and then just maintain it. If you feel you lack the skills to create your own garden pond, you can always consult with one of our talented landscape architects from homify.
To decide what kind of pond you want, think about what function it will serve. Select some features you’d enjoy most as you begin constructing plans. The most common backyard ponds fall into one of the following categories.
- A wildlife pond is perhaps the easiest type of pond to construct. It doesn’t require a pump, so it needn’t to be close to a source of electricity. A wildlife pond is built to look like a natural part of the landscape. Because it isn’t stocked with fish, it is attractive to frogs, slugs, water sliders, and other animals that may come to it to have a drink or bathe away.
- A garden pond or backyard pond is more ornamental in appearance. Garden ponds typically have lily pads and other aquatic plants, and are built to complement the design of one’s garden. A garden water feature, rock garden and fish pond or koi pond are often features of a garden pond.
Most ponds do best in spots that get partial sun and shade, since this environment allows plants to grow and keeps algae at bay. You may want to locate the pond in a place you can see from your home, so you can enjoy it even in cold or rainy weather.
If you’re constructing your pond in the backyard, the first thing to do is call your gas and electric company and ask them to come to your house and mark the locations of your gas and electric lines, so you’ll know not to dig in those spots. If you have a larger property, other considerations may be involved. Call the Department of Agriculture to find out if there are places on your property that are protected watersheds, and ask if there are any other local regulations you should know about before you begin digging.
Be careful not to choose a spot too close to trees, as you may damage their root systems. Consider the size and depth of your pond : If you live in a wet region, such as in the southern region of India, your pond can be just a few feet wide and deep. If you’re in a dryer regions, like the northern region of India, a shallow pond will evaporate quickly. Conduct research to find out what depth makes sense for your region.
Keep in mind that larger ponds are easier to to maintain. They’re more stable, so plants and other wildlife have a better chance of survival. Use a rope to lay out the shape of your pond and get a sense of the size you want. Keep it in place to guide you as you begin to dig.
Plants not only provide beauty, also help balance the pond eco system. One most important factors to consider is the practical weather conditions of your local region in India. Decide whether you would like your plants to be native water plants or exotics and choose the right plants for the depth of water. Some examples are water lettuce, water lily, jenny, anacharis, lotus, yellow water sunflake, and sweet flag.
Koi, Goldfish, catfish, carp, orfe, rudd, tench, sunfish, mosquitofish, are the best ( koi and carp can grow upto 75 cm and are suitable for large ponds. Goldfish is not suitable for cold weather, and rudd suits smaller ponds, while tench are pond cleaners. All ponds are not the same and each kind of fish has its own particular needs, so it is important to choose ones which will be suitable. Choose the number of fishes based on the size of the pond.
As weather conditions are not constant throughout the year, care should be taken likewise based on the different seasons. If you feel like the pond is leaking, clean the pond bottom and locate and patch leaks using a pond repair kit. This will prevent ongoing water loss. Reinstall the pump and filter; replace if necessary. Top off the water level by trickling water at the bottom of the pond to avoid buildup of salts and minerals.
Then, skim leaves and debris to help prevent toxic gases.
Remember that adding oxygenating aquatic bunch plants can increase the water's oxygen level, so maintain your plants properly. Divide potted plants to keep them growing vigorously. Also, replant water lilies, lotus, and marsh plants.