What are the main characteristics of a Mediterranean garden?
Mediterranean gardens stand out for their striking and distinctive colours. It’s common to find plants with foliage of different shades of green that great an interesting visual dynamic in the composition of outdoor spaces that are designed in this style. Since the walls surrounding the gardens of Mediterranean houses as well as the patios and terraces near the garden are usually painted in white or other light tones, the splash of colour from the plants and flowers helps to cut through the monotony of white.
Traditionally, since this design style has its origins in southern Europe, the gardens were either arid or lively, depending upon the region. For instance, it is common to find olive or other fruit trees in the garden. Depending on the soil and weather conditions in the place where your house is located, you can choose the right type of vegetation for a Mediterranean garden.
Finally, we must clarify that irrigation is a vital factor to consider, and we recommend that you create a Mediterranean garden only if you have time to maintain it and to give it the care it needs to look beautiful always. You can also use fountains as an accessory to decorate the garden and bring a soothing element to the space.
On homify, you can look at the hundreds of garden photographs to get inspiration for creating a garden in this style. And, if you want it to look spectacular, we recommend that you turn to a landscape architect for assistance in designing your piece of paradise on earth.
What kind of plants are ideal in Mediterranean gardens?
The first thing is to try to choose native plants that adapt well to the ecosystem of the region where you live.
The olive tree is usually a must-have in a Mediterranean garden, but it may not be the best choice in a tropical city such as Chennai or Kochi. However, don’t worry if you can’t have an olive tree. There are other plants, flowers and trees that are perfect for Mediterranean gardens. These include:
- Trees: Palms of varied types and Fig trees
- Shrubs: Cactus, White Salvia
- Plants: Herbs (such as Rosemary and Thyme), climbing vines
- Flowers: Lavender, Jasmine, Bougainvillea
What kind of materials should be used to coat the garden floors?
The floor is an important aspect of a Mediterranean garden. For coating them, you should preferably use natural materials such as gravel or stone tiles in pastel tones or reddish-brown earthy shades. A Mediterranean garden is typically dry, so it’s best not to create a lush green lawn. Additionally, if your home is decorated in the Mediterranean theme, the garden should be an extension of it, so try to bring a rustic or country feel to the outdoor space by using the right mix of trees, shrubs and flowers.
Can the Mediterranean style be used in a small garden?
If you have very little space for a garden, but love the look of a Mediterranean garden, we recommend using vertical planters to add that touch of green that your home needs so much. This way, you can use a wall of your balcony or terrace or even the inner courtyards, which are usually a part of Mediterranean style homes, to hang beautiful aquamarine, terra-cotta, olive-green or pastel-coloured pot and planters. It will look lovely!
If you do not like the idea of hanging pots, you can install floating shelves or wall niches in which plants can be placed. Getting a balcony garden is not too expensive. Depending on the size of your balcony or terrace, you can easily create one in the Mediterranean style with a budget of approximately INR 5,000 to INR 10,000.
Should I segment the garden?
At homify, we strongly recommend that you segment your plants to make the garden look more organized. Take care not to use too many elements as this will reduce the sense of spaciousness, especially in a small garden. For example, to segment the garden, if you have an area of coarse gravel, then rugged plants such as cactus, which have a lot of texture, can be added to this section to enhance the visual composition. Similarly, plants with leaves in pendulous shapes can be arranged together. Another segment can have plants with pointed leaves, and so on.
Firstly, you must ensure that the arrangement of plants does not in any way obstruct the natural light in the area. This is because in the Mediterranean style, natural light is an essential element that contributes to the overall look of the space. Remember to locate your larger trees and shrubs in such a way that they can provide some shade for your smaller plants during the days when there is too much sun. Do not forget that, in the long run, the trees will grow and become focal points in the aesthetic composition of the garden, so arrange them in an area where they have ample room to grow.
So, if you're thinking of designing a beautiful Mediterranean garden with fruit trees, colourful flowers and climbing plants that trail down your walls and lovely fountains, get started on homify by browsing through the hundreds of garden pictures on our portal. You will find lots of elements that inspire you.