Garage doors may swing out, swing up, roll up, or slide to the side. They can also add a whole new personality to your garage. Some common garage doors gaining popularity in India are listed below:
Retractable garage doors: A popular garage door type in the India now because they can be easily converted to remote control electric operation and are very reliable too. No cables are used in the lifting operation, instead side mounted lifting arms with tension springs attached lower down assist the opening of the garage door panel whilst the door panel opens into the garage on horizontal steel runners using rollers at each corner of the door panel to support it. All one piece garage doors over 8 feet wide (2438mm) use retractable gear as larger arms and springs can cope with very heavy door panels. The drive through width using this mechanism is reduced slightly when the door is open as the lifting arms are positioned inside the sub frame. If width is a concern for you beware of this reduction in any calculations.
Roller garage doors: A classic and easy to understand door mechanism whereby individual horizontal slats constructed from either steel or aluminium roll up and down on a barrel. The mechanism does not swing out during operation and is usually positioned behind the structural opening to maximise width and height when open. The main variations occur in the construction of the slats used in the door ‘curtain’. Many different slats are produced although the main slat type used for garage doors is a double skinned aluminium, foam filled, insulated slat. The thickness and the depth of the slat will determine the overall size of the roll when the door is open to give you the amount of headroom required in your garage (standard door usually about 300mm). Most roller garage doors are motorised due to the relative price of the electric motor compared to springing, locking and other elements required in a manual door.
Sectional garage doors: One of the fastest growing garage door types used in the India and the U.S. and European market. It offers greater security, fantastic sealing, insulated options, no swing out, very large size ranges and excellent smooth opening properties. The basic advantage it has over any up and over is that it does not swing out when opening or closing as the whole door is split horizontally into 4 or more panels which operate in vertical tracks that curve at the top into horizontal tracks to follow the garage roofline. The individual panels have two rollers per panel giving a very rigid and positive movement and enabling large widths to be used when the door panels are double skinned (up to 8000mm wide!), usually in 20 or 42 or 45mm thick options. This type of mechanism can also go far higher than most other door types and is easily automated.
Hinged garage doors: An original door system used over many years, recently revived due to popular demand and now manufactured in timber, steel, Upvc and GRP (glass reinforced polyester). Simple and practical on all openings up to about 10 feet (2743mm) wide and 8 feet(2438mm) high. The doors hinge outwards on a steel or timber sub frame with no part ever going into the garage (apart from some types of door stays). Ideal for garages used for anything except the car as pedestrian access to bikes, freezers, tumble driers, etc. is made very easy by opening only one leaf of the pair. This is further enhanced as some manufacturers produce garage door sets with a one third, two third arrangement specifically to give a pedestrian sized access door.
Wood: Wood offers a charm and authenticity that other materials merely mimic. Wood doors can be made locally in whatever size you need, and they stand up well to bumps from basketballs. The downside is that they require frequent repainting or refinishing, especially if you live in a damp climate.
Wood doors range from midprice to very expensive, depending on whether they consist of a lightweight wooden frame filled with foam insulation and wrapped in a plywood or hardboard skin (the least expensive) or are true frame-and-panel doors made of durable mahogany, redwood, or cedar. Wood doors usually carry a short warranty, perhaps only one year.
Steel: Metal is a better choice than wood if you don’t want a lot of maintenance. Steel leads the pack because it is relatively inexpensive yet tough. Bare steel rusts, so you need to touch up scratches promptly, and steel also dents.
Minimize this risk by choosing doors with sturdy 24- or 25-gauge panels rather than 27- or 28-gauge (the higher the gauge number, the thinner the metal). Or consider a steel door with a fiberglass overlay, which resists dents and doesn’t rust. Fiberglass will need periodic repainting or restaining, though, because the color fades over time.
High-quality steel doors may have lifetime warranties on the hardware, laminations between the steel and any insulation, and factory-applied paint. Budget doors tend to have shorter warranties on some components, such as paint and springs.
Aluminum: Inexpensive aluminum doors, once common, have largely been replaced by sturdy versions with heavy-duty extruded frames and dent-resistant laminated panels. Rugged and rust-proof, these are a wonderful choice — if you can afford to splurge on a garage door.
Less expensive aluminum doors have aluminum frames and panels made of other materials, such as high-density polyethylene. Because of its light weight, aluminum is a good choice if you have an extra-wide double door; it won’t put as much strain on the operating mechanism.
Firstly, disconnect the existing garage-door opener from the door. Next, install your new door. If you're installing it in a double garage, place a reinforcing bar on the top panel to prevent the door from bowing in the center. Be sure the bar is centered on the panel. Drill pilot holes, and secure the bar with screws. Attach hinges to the top of each panel. Many new doors come with pilot holes drilled by the manufacturer.
Attach axle supports to the bottom of the bottom panel and to the top of the top panel.
Place the bottom panel into the door opening. Hold the panel upright by driving a nail into the wall next to the panel and bending it over to hold the panel in place. Make sure it's level before attaching the next panel.
Attach the next panel on top of the first one. Make sure the groove of the upper panel rests on the ridge of the lower panel. Repeat the process until all the panels are in place. The final panel should extend 1’ or so past the top of the door opening.
From inside the garage, secure the top half of each hinge to the panel above. Place the wheeled axles into the side hinges and the top and bottom axle supports. Begin installing the track by attaching brackets to the vertical track pieces. Check your instruction manual to be sure you're installing the brackets in the correct places. After attaching the brackets, place them against the wall, and make sure the wheels lie properly in the track. Attach the door cable to the hook on the bottom panel axle support before attaching the bottom bracket to the wall.
Next, attach the spring assembly to the track. Then, bolt the tracks together. After that, install the springs followed by the torsion rod and pulleys. Finally attach the cable and tighten the springs and you’re done!
If you need help from an expert, you can contact one of our many carpenters at homify.