What are the different types of garage doors?
Garage doors may swing out, swing
up, roll up, or slide to the side. They can also add a whole new
personality to your garage.
Some common garage doors gaining popularity in India are listed
Retractable garage doors:
A popular garage door type in the India now because they can be
easily converted to remote control electric operation and are very
reliable too. No cables are used in the lifting operation, instead
side mounted lifting arms with tension springs attached lower down
assist the opening of the garage door panel whilst the door panel
opens into the garage on horizontal steel runners using rollers at
each corner of the door panel to support it. All one piece garage
doors over 8 feet wide (2438mm) use retractable gear as larger arms
and springs can cope with very heavy door panels. The drive through
width using this mechanism is reduced slightly when the door is open
as the lifting arms are positioned inside the sub frame. If width is
a concern for you beware of this reduction in any calculations.
Roller garage doors:
A classic and easy to understand door mechanism whereby individual
horizontal slats constructed from either steel or aluminium roll up
and down on a barrel. The mechanism does not swing out during
operation and is usually positioned behind the structural opening to
maximise width and height when open. The main variations occur in the
construction of the slats used in the door ‘curtain’. Many
different slats are produced although the main slat type used for
garage doors is a double skinned aluminium, foam filled, insulated
slat. The thickness and the depth of the slat will determine the
overall size of the roll when the door is open to give you the amount
of headroom required in your garage (standard door usually about
300mm). Most roller garage doors are motorised due to the relative
price of the electric motor compared to springing, locking and other
elements required in a manual door.
Sectional garage doors:
One of the fastest growing garage door types used in the India and
the U.S. and European market. It offers greater security, fantastic
sealing, insulated options, no swing out, very large size ranges and
excellent smooth opening properties. The basic advantage it has over
any up and over is that it does not swing out when opening or closing
as the whole door is split horizontally into 4 or more panels which
operate in vertical tracks that curve at the top into horizontal
tracks to follow the garage roofline. The individual panels have two
rollers per panel giving a very rigid and positive movement and
enabling large widths to be used when the door panels are double
skinned (up to 8000mm wide!), usually in 20 or 42 or 45mm thick
options. This type of mechanism can also go far higher than most
other door types and is easily automated.
Hinged garage doors: An original
door system used over many years, recently revived due to popular
demand and now manufactured in timber, steel, Upvc and GRP (glass
reinforced polyester). Simple and practical on all openings up to
about 10 feet (2743mm) wide and 8 feet(2438mm) high. The doors hinge
outwards on a steel or timber sub frame with no part ever going into
the garage (apart from some types of door stays). Ideal for garages
used for anything except the car as pedestrian access to bikes,
freezers, tumble driers, etc. is made very easy by opening only one
leaf of the pair. This is further enhanced as some manufacturers
produce garage door sets with a one third, two third arrangement
specifically to give a pedestrian sized access door.
What are the common building
materials used to build garage doors?
Wood offers a charm and authenticity that other materials merely
mimic. Wood doors can be made locally in whatever size you need, and
they stand up well to bumps from basketballs. The downside is that
they require frequent repainting or refinishing, especially if you
live in a damp climate.
Wood doors range from midprice to
very expensive, depending on whether they consist of a lightweight
wooden frame filled with foam insulation and wrapped in a plywood or
hardboard skin (the least expensive) or are true frame-and-panel
doors made of durable mahogany, redwood, or cedar. Wood doors usually
carry a short warranty, perhaps only one year.
is a better choice than wood if you don’t want a lot of
maintenance. Steel leads the pack because it is relatively
inexpensive yet tough. Bare steel rusts, so you need to touch up
scratches promptly, and steel also dents.
Minimize this risk by choosing
doors with sturdy 24- or 25-gauge panels rather than 27- or 28-gauge
(the higher the gauge number, the thinner the metal). Or consider a
steel door with a fiberglass overlay, which resists dents and doesn’t
rust. Fiberglass will need periodic repainting or restaining, though,
because the color fades over time.
High-quality steel doors may have
lifetime warranties on the hardware, laminations between the steel
and any insulation, and factory-applied paint. Budget doors tend to
have shorter warranties on some components, such as paint and
Inexpensive aluminum doors, once common, have largely been replaced
by sturdy versions with heavy-duty extruded frames and dent-resistant
laminated panels. Rugged and rust-proof, these are a wonderful choice
— if you can afford to splurge on a garage door.
Less expensive aluminum doors have
aluminum frames and panels made of other materials, such as
high-density polyethylene. Because of its light weight, aluminum is a
good choice if you have an extra-wide double door; it won’t put as
much strain on the operating mechanism.
How do I install a garage door?
disconnect the existing garage-door opener from the door. Next,
install your new door. If you're installing it in a double garage,
place a reinforcing bar on the top panel to prevent the door from
bowing in the center. Be sure the bar is centered on the panel. Drill
pilot holes, and secure the bar with screws. Attach hinges to the top
of each panel. Many new doors come with pilot holes drilled by the
axle supports to the bottom of the bottom panel and to the top of the
bottom panel into the door opening. Hold the panel upright by driving
a nail into the wall next to the panel and bending it over to hold
the panel in place. Make sure it's level before attaching the next
next panel on top of the first one. Make sure the groove of the upper
panel rests on the ridge of the lower panel. Repeat the process until
all the panels are in place. The final panel should extend 1" or
so past the top of the door opening.
inside the garage, secure the top half of each hinge to the panel
above. Place the wheeled axles into the side hinges and the top and
bottom axle supports. Begin installing the track by attaching
brackets to the vertical track pieces. Check your instruction manual
to be sure you're installing the brackets in the correct places.
After attaching the brackets, place them against the wall, and make
sure the wheels lie properly in the track. Attach the door cable to
the hook on the bottom panel axle support before attaching the bottom
bracket to the wall.
attach the spring assembly to the track. Then, bolt the tracks
together. After that, install the springs followed by the torsion rod
and pulleys. Finally attach the cable and tighten the springs and
need help from an expert, you can contact one of our many carpenters at homify.