What is a gable roof?
Gable roofs are the
kind of roofs children draw when they sketch their family homes.
These roofs have two sloping sides that connect together at a ridge, which
creates end walls that form a triangular extension at the top called
a gable. The build of the gable and how it’s decorated and detailed
depend on the structural system used, which reflects the climate of
the area, available materials, and cultural aesthetics. Roofs of
traditional Indian houses are modeled in the gable fashion in order
to provide shade and protection from the tropical climate and for
good ventilation. Extended frames with ornaments on the edges of the
roofs are quite common. For example, the vernacular Indian roof is
best for hot and humid climates. If you’re looking for inspiration
for this style of roof, an exemplary model can be found in Kerala
architecture such as the design of the Vadakkumnathan Hindu Temple at
Thrissur, or a pyramidal style pitched roof can be found in
Tripunithura on structures like the Poornathrayisa
What are some
common gable roof styles?
India is quite unique
in that it consists of a few different gable roof designs throughout
the country. The most common gable styles are the box, cross, and
Dutch gable roofs.
Box gable roofs are
the roofs we know best, as it’s closest to the standard gabled
roof–the only difference is the triangular section of the design is
distinguished more in the box style. They have a triangular extension
at each end of the house and boxed at the end is the roof section.
Cross gable roofs are
comprised of two or more gable rooflines that bisect at an angle,
most commonly with the two ridges set perpendicular to each other.
Homes with this design tend to have more complex and ornate layouts
because of the change in shape the cross design has on the home’s
structure and tend to have separate sings, a larger porch, or even an
Dutch gable roofs are
an amalgamation of the gable and hip roof. A hip roof (or hipped roof)
is a roof where all sides slope gently down to the walls. Normally,
hip roofs have no gables or other vertical sides to the roof, which
is what makes the Dutch roof so unique. The typical design places the
gable roof on top of the hip roof, which provides more space within
should I use and how much will it cost?
There are a few
different materials you can use for your gable roof, each with its
own up and downsides. A general estimate of cost is approximately
Rupees 128 per square foot.
Clay tiles: When it
comes to roof tiles, clay tiles are pretty common in warmer climates,
as the Terra Cotta color matches perfectly with the environment and
ups the curb appeal of your home. The biggest upside to clay is its
durability–you can expect these tiles to last you a good 100 years.
The downside, however, is its heaviness. Expensive internal
structural enhancements, such as roof trusses, are often needed in
order to support the extra weight of the clay. Prices for clay will
vary depending on the brand you choose, as well as the size and
location of your home. Naturally, clay tiles cost about 30% more than
their concrete counterpart.
Concrete are not as susceptible to damage from freezing temperatures
like clay tiles are, and therefore can be used in almost any climate,
which is a big selling point for this material. Concrete tiles are
more prone to stains than clay and have about half the lifespan of
clay, giving you only 30-50 years.
Metal sheeting: When
you’re looking for energy efficiency and durability, metal roofing
could be the best choice for you. This sheeting basically pays for
itself in that there is little to no maintenance for a lifelong
brilliant appearance, plus it saves you money on energy costs. But
because this material is so heavy-duty, it’s a bit on the costlier
side. The cons for this material, aside from cost, is that it can
collect snow and echo during loud rainstorms, which Indians should be
Asphalt shingles come at a great price and are very easy to install.
When it comes to the cons, this style is relatively ordinary and
lacks the energy efficiency and environmental friendliness of other
roofing types. Asphalt can also rip apart from your roof during high
winds and they get extremely hot when sitting in the sun.
Cedar shakes: Cedar is
a popular hardwood choice for shingles and can last about 30-50 years
when properly maintained. Wood shingles in general are fairly durable
as roofing material, but do require some extra TLC. This material is
chosen for its natural aesthetic, much like clay, and that is one of
its biggest pros, along with its ease of installation. Some cons
include the regular maintenance, and natural hardwood comes at a
bigger price than some of the other alternatives.
installation process like?
We here at homify
always love a good DIY project, but when it comes to your exterior,
we always recommend a good professional come in and do the work. It’s
easier and much safer when in the hands of one of our professional roofers.
1. Fasten top plates
to all outside walls with nails.
2. Measure and cut
3. Cut a ridge board.
4. Lay your planks
across the ceiling joists.
5. Figure out the rise
of the gable.
6. Measure and cut
7. For each pair of
rafters, make a collar tie.
8. Assemble the gable.
9. Fasten planks to
the rafters with nails so that they run parallel to the ridge board.
10. Use mitered planks
to cover the ends of the gable.
What are the pros and cons of gable roofs?
One of the
main advantages of installing a gable roof is that it is suited for
wet weather conditions, which can come in handy during the monsoon
season in India. It also allows more space in the attic or loft for
storage or other uses. Gable roofs are relatively easy to build and
cheaper as well.
downside of it, if you live in an area with risk of storms and high
wind, the gable roof is not the most ideal structure to withstand
harsh weather conditions.