In India, houses or buildings with basements are not very common, however, in some regions, houses or commercial buildings are built with this space below ground level which has several uses. One of the elements to consider in the design of the basement is in the windows.
Before thinking about the type of windows you want for a basement, think about the need for natural lighting you require, which depends on the use you are going to give to the space. If it’s going to be used as a laboratory or a darkroom and photography workshop, what they least need is natural lighting, but if it is for a bedroom, a terrace, study area or playroom, the decision is made, and there are various aspects to take into account.
Firstly, the climate of the locality. If it is a rainy place, the location of the windows must be planned appropriately so that they do not become drainage into the interior.
The next thing you need to take into account is humidity. This depends on the material of the cancellation and the location of the bays to achieve the most optimal ventilation, thus preventing the proliferation of fungi or mold if it is an area without direct sunlight.
In terms of functionality, it is not a matter of throwing walls or constructing expansions, but of taking advantage of the space you already have to integrate natural light. Make sure that its location is easily accessible and placed.
Beware that an error in the measurements, the angle of the placement or a leak in the insulation can generate a disaster such as leakage of rainwater, contamination of the exterior and etc. .
With regards to insulation, the cancellation must be made of a suitable material, aluminum is not always the best option for cold climates, nor wood for arid zones. On the other hand, the glasses can be composed of several plates or high-caliber polycarbonate to keep the interiors at good temperature.
Consider what the basement space will be used for. Will it be the laundry room, a simple storage or a playroom for children? In any case, the required lighting is different. When it comes to observing, reading, being attentive or studying, you must integrate as much lighting as possible. In other cases, it is recommended only to ventilate and save a little electricity.
Make sure that your design is integrated in the style of your residence, that look nice and attractive and not as skylights of prison. Last but not least, consider that one of the functions of these windows can be to allow the entry of emergency objects such as stairs, boxes and tools.
- PVC windows are the most recommended, on wood or aluminum. The reason is that they are flexible and do not generate corrosion, considering that a basement counts inevitably with humidity.
- A wooden window is advisable if it is located in a raised area like skylight, that is not in contact with the land. The same with an aluminum.
- Modular windows are excellent options, of standard sizes, because in case of needing a replacement this one will be easily found, without having to leave open the span for more than 24 hours.
- Try to have sliding windows , hinged windows can be blocked by some unexpected happening on the outside.
It is good to have a replacement at home, which can be placed inside without problems. Consider the size of PVC and glass suitable for optimum resistance.
PVC or vinyl: they are completely rust-free, moisture resistant, flexible and easily cleaned. They also withstand temperature changes and come in various colors and styles. They are quite economical.
Fiberglass : it is a very durable and resistant option, also comes in different colors and styles, requires little maintenance, has great strength and is relatively expensive.
Wood: it is not the ideal material, for areas high in humidity, and maintenance is not easy.
Aluminum : is economical, resistant and durable, but prone to corrosion, unless they are protected with adequate paint.
When a window fails to fulfill any of its functions, it is time for a replacement. It is not advisable to leave a window working irregularly because there are risks such as accidents, thefts or damage to the home. Some tips are:
- Consider the parts with which you count.
- Check the measurements and window model to change.
- If more or less light is needed, it is time to change the type of window.
- Consider the style and appearance of the original window.
- Make sure you have the necessary and appropriate tools or, hire experts in windows .
The ideal is to place curtains of light fabrics since the indispensable thing is the entrance of natural light, taking advantage of the daytime schedule. Depending on the style of the room, perhaps the horizontal blinds of wood or aluminum, or vertical blinds may work better. Shutters look elegant and are quite functional since they can direct the light and open wide or only the leaves, managing to modulate the levels of illumination.
You can integrate decorative balances in the case of curtains, if they are gauze, a balance in solid color or embossed can give accent and contrast. Consider fabrics or materials that look good from the outside, remember that the windows are transparent.