Frederick Law Olmsted, the founder of landscape architecture once said, "What architect so noble...as he who, with far-reaching conception of beauty, in designing power, sketches the outlines, writes the colors, becomes the builder and directs the shadows of a picture so great that Nature shall be employed upon it for generations, before the work he arranged for her shall realize his intentions."
Frederick Law Olmsted, the founder of landscape architecture is also regarded as the Father of American Landscape Architecture. He is said to have contributed a great deal in what America looks like right now. Beginning in 1857 with the design of Central Park in New York City, he created designs for thousands of landscapes, including many of the world’s most important parks.
A landscape architect is a person who designs outdoor environments, especially harmonizing parks or gardens with buildings and roads. In simple terms, landscape architecture combines a love of people, natural systems, design, and hard work.
Let us now talk about the subject itself.
Landscape architecture is a very broad field. The scale of work can range from very small spaces to entire regions, and the scope of design and planning can also vary widely. Examples of landscape architectural projects can include parks/recreation sites and facilities; streetscapes and other urban spaces; green infrastructure/stormwater management; office and commercial sites; academic and corporate campuses; housing developments; hotel facilities and resorts; residential properties; green roofs; landscape art and earth sculpture; hospital grounds and therapeutic gardens; historic preservation; environmental restoration; transportation corridors and facilities; and urban/regional planning.
This is will hopefully answer the above question. A landscape architect’s design work often begins with the analysis of an existing site, followed by the design of schematic plans for the property. They later design and produce construction drawings and specifications, which contractors will follow to build/install the designs. The construction drawings typically include, at a minimum, the layout and specification of site features (such as walkways, parking areas, structures, and athletic facilities); grading and storm drainage design; a planting plan; and construction detailing.
That being said, Residential landscape design is the largest market sector. Most of that work consists of single-family homes, but also includes multi-family and retirement communities.
We at homify highly recommend hiring a landscape architect in Kanpur, especially since the city is growing so fast and rapid.
The cost of hiring a Landscape Architect in Kanpur is usually determined if the project is long term or short, area, the extent of details, site visits, 3D presentations and it depends a whole lot on the client. However, a landscape professional does not charge on per square foot basis. They usually charge 2.5% to 5% of the overall project cost in Kanpur. Another ballpark figure is approx. 1 lac per acre.
Since the topic of landscape architects in Kanpur started with the founder of landscape architecture, there are ten lessons from Frederick Law Olmsted that have been celebrated since generations. Below are the relevant ones that often landscape professionals and landscape enthusiasts are happy to take inspiration from.
1. Respect the genius of a place: Olmsted wanted his designs to stay true to the character of their natural surroundings. He referred to "the genius of a place," a belief that every site has ecologically and spiritually unique qualities. The goal was to "access this genius" and let it infuse all design decisions. This meant taking advantage of the unique characteristics of a site while also acknowledging the disadvantages.
2. Subordinate details to the whole: Olmsted felt that what separated his work from a gardener was "the elegance of design," (i.e. one should subordinate all elements to the overall design and the effect it is intended to achieve). There was no room for details that were to be viewed as individual elements. He warned against thinking "of trees, of turf, water, rocks, bridges, as things of beauty in themselves." In his work, they were threads in a larger fabric.
3. The art is to conceal art: Olmsted believed the goal wasn’t to make viewers see his work. It was to make them unaware of it. To him, the art was to conceal art. And the way to do this was to remove distractions and demands on the conscious mind. Viewers weren’t supposed to examine or analyze parts of the scene. They were supposed to be unaware of everything that was working.
4. Aim for the unconscious: Olmsted was a fan of Horace Bushnell’s writings about "unconscious influence" in people. (Bushnell believed the real character wasn’t communicated verbally but instead at a level below that of consciousness.) Olmsted applied this idea to his scenery. He wanted his parks to create an unconscious process that produced relaxation. So he constantly removed distractions and demands on the conscious mind. For example, Pedestrians are led without realizing they’re being led.
5. Avoid fashion for fashion’s sake: Olmsted rejected displays "of novelty, of fashion, of scientific or virtuoso inclinations and of decoration." He felt popular trends of the day, like specimen planting and flower-bedding of exotics often intruded more than they helped.
6. Utility trumps ornament: He wrote, "So long as considerations of utility are neglected or overridden by considerations of ornament, there will be not true art."
7. Never too much, hardly enough: Olmsted fought against distracting elements. He constantly simplified the scene, clearing and planting to clarify the "leading motive" of the natural site.