Architects from Mumbai understand the weather conditions, climate and therefore the ideal building materials to use in your locality. They will also know the exact price rates and wages specific to the city. Another benefit of hiring architects from your city is that they knows where to get the best materials and have contacts to suitable sub contractors. They would also know the building codes and zoning requirement specific to your city. Last but not least, local architects that do not have to travel long distances don’t cost as much. Architects in Mumbai can be found on homify’s architect directory. Some notable architectural firms in Mumbai are SM Studio, Aum Architects, The Ashleys, NEX LVL, Shweta Deshmukh Associates, Sanjay Puri Architects and HK Architects.
The construction cost of houses (with average basic amenities) in Mumbai is approximately Rs. 1800 to 2000 per square foot.The average cost of an apartment in Mumbai is Rs 3.03 crore or Rs 20,449 per square foot.
Compared to other big cities in India like Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, Pune, Delhi and Hyderabad, Mumbai has the smallest average size of houses. Mumbai’s home sizes have also indeed shrunk dramatically over the past several years. In the Metropolitan Region of Mumbai, the average size of an apartment has shrunk from about 1,400 square feet to about 1,000 square feet.
The smallest apartment accommodation in Mumbai is approximately 400 square feet. Apartments in Mumbai can also be a duplex or a triplex, meaning that the living area is divided into two or three levels. Duplex and triplex type of apartments can be quite expensive to build.
Just in case you didn't already know, 'BHK' stands for bedroom, hall (both living and dining) and kitchen. Most of the apartments available in Mumbai have either 1or 2 or 3 or 4 bedrooms. The size of the apartments usually depends on which area of Mumbai it is located in.
It’s also helpful to know the average size of homes in your city if you are planning on building your own home. The average size of a 1 BHK Mumbai apartment is 400 to 700 square feet. For a 2BHK, the average size is 800 to 1300 square feet, while for a 3 BHK it is 900 to 3000 square feet, and for a 4 BHK it is 1300 to 4000 square feet.
Building regulations in Mumbai are based on a system called floor space index (FSI). FSI is the ratio of allowed built-up area to the plot area, and sets the limit to the construction of buildings. For example, on a 10,000 ft2 plot which has an FSI of 2, you may construct a maximum of 20,000 ft2 of area, and no more. Exemptions that need not be calculated in terms of FSI are spaces such as basements, parking areas, and utility rooms.
New height restrictions have been enforced in Mumbai, particularly for buildings located close to the airport. The height limit for buildings has been reduced to 15 to 30 meters. For a house or an apartment, the height of a room should be less than 4.2m on average.
As for size restrictions when it comes to the minimum sizes of rooms, habitable rooms should have a minimum area of 9.5 square meters and a minimum width of 2.4 meters. Toilets are required to have a minimum area of 2.2 square meters, while kitchens in 1 BHK apartments should be built with a minimum area of 5.5 square meters and 1.8 meters. For 2 BHK apartments the minimum area requirement for the kitchen is 7.5 square meters with a minimum width of 2.1 meters.
The architectural design of Mumbai blends different styles such Gothic, Colonial, Art Deco and much more in its oldest and most contemporary buildings. It also blends more traditional styles with contemporary ones. The most prominent architectural style that can be observed all over Mumbai is an architectural design that combines Islamic and Hindu architecture.
Did you know that after Miami, Mumbai has the second largest number of Art Deco buildings in the world? The Art Deco style produced distinct angular shaped buildings with facades. The style is very prominent amongst various old cinema halls including Metro Cinema, Eros Cinema, Liberty Cinema and even Regal Cinema. Eros Cinema is a typical art deco building, designed by architect Sohrabji Bhedwar. The Metro Adlabs Cinema, located on Mahatma Gandhi Road, at Dhobitalao Junction is also a good example of the Art Deco style of architecture that appeared in the 1930s in the city. Art Deco in India (and especially in Mumbai) developed into a unique style known as Deco-Saracenic. Basically, it was a combination of the Islamic and the Hindu architectural styles.
Mumbai is filled with buildings that combine the Islamic and Hindu architectural styles with its characteristic domes, arches, stained glasses, spires, and minarets. Good examples of this architectural style in Mumbai are the Gateway of India and Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya.