A beautiful garden brings joy to the heart. It is a haven where you can be at one with nature. No wonder that gardens add to the charm of a house and to its value. There are many factors that go into the making of a garden that blooms with flowers throughout the year and also looks good besides just hard work. You have to consider a variety of factors such as the overall design and look. A garden can have tall flowering bushes coexisting with vegetable plants or it can be a lawn bordered by tiny flowering shrubs with a fountain or water body fringed by flowering bushes. It can be a dainty Japanese rock garden, a haiku of water, rocks, gravel and plants. You can have an English rose garden, a garden with a profusion of flowering bushes or even vegetable plants with a vine covering the side of the wall of your house. The possibilities are endless but, translating them to reality takes thought and knowledge if your garden must bloom the year round.
Yes, even among plants there is something like animosity and friendship. Marigolds are friends to all plants. Their flower leaves contain pyrethrum that actually helps to repel pests. Sunflower plants spread their roots differently and will peacefully coexist with other plants but, are inimical to potatoes and beans. Nasturtiums will attract aphids and thus protect other plants. It is not just spread of roots or pest control but also the growth rate of plants that need consideration. You also need to consider the soil type. Not all plants, whether they are vegetables or plants, will thrive in the same type of soil. Therefore pairing plants means you must also take the soil type into consideration. Then there is the matter of some plants flourishing in the shade and some needing strong sunlight. Plants that need shade can be grown in the shadow of larger plants or trees. The next factor to consider is climate. If you live in a moderate or cold region then, it is best to not pick tropical plants because they will simply not thrive.
Seasonal plants have a defined life cycle. They will grow quickly, explode in a bloom of colour and then wither away. Knowing which plants will bloom during which season helps ensure that your garden remains a riot of colour throughout the year. Spring blooming plants are Crocus, Snowdrop, Peony, Pansy, Tulip and Daffodil. The Daylily, Zinnia, Nasturtium, Black eyed Susan, Roses and Hydrangeas are summer bloomers. For fall get asters, mums, begonias and ornamental kale. For winter you could consider bushes that retain their green foliage such as the everygreen holly, firethorn and chokeberry along with the camellia. It may take a month for the shrub to reach the flowering stage. Therefore, if you want flowers to bloom in the spring, you would ideally plant seeds and nurture them at the end of winter. It is also a good idea to plant a few seeds one week and a second lot a week later to ensure the plants grow and then bloom in sequence.
Design is an important element in the overall garden planning scheme. It pays to visualize what you want your garden to look like. This, with a knowledge of the sizes to which bushes grow and their flowering times, will help you keep your garden green and colourful throughout the year. When it comes to design there are plenty of options. Most gardens look good with geometrical symmetry in the form of square or rectangular layouts with spaces in between to add to the definition. You can just as well have a curving, wavy design to the path and flank it with shrubs leading to a lawn with a similar design style. Arrangement of plants according to size is also a consideration. If, for example, you are habituated to sit in your patio and look out into the garden, the small size plants would occupy the front of your view, progressively leading to larger sized ones in the distance.
Your garden would have a mix of seasonal as well as perennial plants. Seasonal plants are the variables in the composition with perennials forming the base of the musical composition, so to speak. The hybrid foxglove is a prime example of a plant that flowers day in, day out, for months together. It reaches a height of 3 feet and forms a perfect counterpoint to smaller, seasonal flowering shrubs. Blanket flower, Veronica, Aster, Catmint, Phlox Paniculata and Russian sage are some of the perennials that can dot your garden for year round spots of color. You can just as well choose Lavender, gloriosa daisy and Geum Chiloense to provide contrasts. Some plants are not true perennials but are self-renewing in that their seeds will fall on the ground, germinate and grow in and around the same spot. In any case, when you choose perennials, go for the kind that is native to your region. Designed by Cameron landscapes and gardens, this is a beautiful garden design from the project Belgravia roof terrace.
If you do not have the time to plant seedlings for each season in order to have a beautiful garden throughout the whole year, you can select plants that bloom annually. It is best to select native plants since they will thrive with least care and are resistant to local pests. Plants that selectively bloom annually in spring, summer and fall will keep your garden supplied with colour. A few of these plants worth having are the African daisy, African marigold, Amaranthus, Annual Phlox, Begonias, Bells of Ireland and a hundred others to choose from. You need only loosen the soil, put in some compost from time to time, trim and prune the plants and you have bushes that blaze into colour when the time comes. Just make sure you do not prune when it is time for branches to put forth buds!
A garden that has only plants and shrubs can be a rather monotonous prose. Climbing plants and vines provide the poetry. Climbing plants will lovingly climb up walls and will drape hard angled wooden structures or iron trellises and give a softer look to the garden. A wall can gain immensely in looks if it has climbing plants and vines decorating it. The Scarlet Morning glory is a prime example of a climbing plant. The climbing Rose is another. Passion flowers look good and fill the area with a nice sweet scent. You can pick vines for the walls and the Amethyst Falls Wisteria is just as suitable as Honeysuckle or the Clematis. There is nothing like the Mile-a-Minute, the fastest growing plant to cover up walls if this is what you want. Plant the seedlings at least one foot away from the wall in well composted soil. Install wire frame, wooden slats or similar supports for the plants.
Gardens can do with some embellishments. You could have wire frame holders for pots and plant containers designed to display one above the other in a staggered fashion. The look can be quite marvelous. Stones also add a point of contrast to the soft tender look of shrubs. A raised platform of stone is one you can consider. As for furniture, if there is space enough, a garden swing that seats three or four, made of steel, is the perfect place for relaxation. Plastic or aluminum chairs and rock or wooden tables can grace the garden. Ceramic or earthen pots also make a nice addition, standing alone or holding a plant inside. What is a garden without lights? Install a few iron poles and suspend lamps to light up the area in the evenings or at night. The effect can be magical. Even small lamp posts to light up the pathway will seem magical.
A garden is not just a haphazard collection of plants. With careful planning, it can be a composition that retains basic form yet changes colour throughout the year. Running on a space crunch and looking for ideas to save space yet enjoy a wonderful home? If yes, here's an ideabook exclusively for you - Have a wonderful home in 40m2